There are several construction codes followed in California. It is required that strict inspections of documents containing detailed information take place. California’s building codes are published by the following three entities:
California has adopted statewide, mandatory codes based on ICC's Uniform codes. Local jurisdictions may only amend the California Building Code to make it more stringent because of unique local climatic, geological or topographical conditions. All local amendments must be filed with the California Building Standards Commission (CBSC). The Building Codes are as follows:
|Code Type||Code Model|
|Building/Dwelling Code||California Building Code 2010 (IBC 2009)|
|Structural Code||California Building Code 2010 (IBC 2009)|
|Plumbing Code||California Plumbing Code 2010 (UPC 2009)|
|Mechanical Code||California Mechanical Code 2010 (UMC 2009)|
|Electrical Code||California Electrical Code 2010 (NEC 2008)|
|Fire/Life Safety Code||California Fire Code 2010 (IFC 2009)|
|Accessibility Code||California Building Code 2010 (Title 24, Part 2)|
|Energy Code||California Energy Code 2010 (Title 24, Part 6)|
|Elevator Code||California Elevator Safety Construction Code 2010 (California Code of Regulations, Title 8)|
California's building codes (California Code of Regulations, Title 24) are published on a triennial basis. The CBSC is responsible for the administration and implementation of each code cycle, which includes the proposal, review and adoption processes. Supplements and errata are issued throughout the cycle. California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 24, is a collection of three types of building criteria from three different origins:
Notwithstanding, the national model code standards implemented into Title 24 apply to all occupancies in California except for modifications adopted by state agencies and local governing bodies.
After the approval of the construction plans and documents and the appropriate permits have been issued, work may begin. At specific stages of construction, the permit applicant or the contractor should call for building inspection. It is essential to obtain approval before construction of the next phase of the project. The following are examples of types of required inspections:
If one is not sure of the inspection requirements of your project, refer to the back of the permit card and/or contact your inspector. The inspection card must be posted at the job site until the project is completed and has passed the final inspection.
In addition to the inspection by City staff, inspections by other professionals may be required. These additional inspections are noted on approved plans. For example, some new structures require an inspection by a soils engineer prior to placement of concrete in the foundation. Also, ongoing field observation by the engineer of record, or special inspection firm, for the project is required for some residential construction and for non-residential construction typically.